Private Trees

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Council values private trees as an integral component of Newcastle's urban forest. A private tree is any tree on land not under Council's care and control. Council has a range of controls and requirements regarding private trees that should be considered before undertaking any activity to or around trees.

Damage and Vandalism of Private Trees

Damaging or removing a tree without consent can be a breach of the NSW   Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 or Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997. Penalties or prosecution can apply to someone who damages or removes a tree without consent.

  • Maximum Penalty imposed by Local Court - $100,000

  • Maximum On-the-spot Penalty infringement Notice (PIN - imposed by Council) - $3,000

  • Maximum Penalty imposed by Land and Environment Court - $1.1 million.

For more information on tree removal on private land or to download an application form go to the   tree removal application page.

Trees and Development

Development can impact on both public and private trees. The  Urban Forest Technical Manual (pdf) is a component of the  Newcastle DCP Section 5.03 (pdf) and informs development and public tree management.

It assists both the design process and construction phase of a development. It is important that any trees within 5m of the development are considered in accordance with the relevant sections.

It is updated on an annual basis to ensure best practice is consistently applied.

Trees and Neighbours

Council’s tree management controls do not give Council the authority to direct a neighbour to remove or prune trees that grow on their own land. Council officers do not inspect private trees for tree removal. This work needs to be completed by a qualified private arborist in accordance with a  complying development certificate application for tree management work.  

Disputes over trees must be resolved between you and your neighbour. There are, however, some options for you to consider:

You can seek mediation

If your neighbour does not agree you can seek mediation. Mediation is an alternative dispute resolution method which involves you, your neighbours and a trained mediator discussing the problem in an effort to determine an outcome which is agreed to by all parties.

Contact the Hunter Community Justice Centre for assistance on 02 4925 0333.

You can seek legal advice

If you believe the tree or overhanging branches are creating a legal nuisance you can seek legal advice from a solicitor or the Chamber Magistrate.

Useful links

In 2006 the Trees (Disputes Between Neighbours) Act came into force in NSW. Information is available by going to the 'Trees and hedges' section of the   Land and Environment Court website.

Tree Pruning

Information regarding pruning private trees.

Tree Removal

The following information provides a guide regarding tree removal in the Newcastle local government area and a link to the application form.

Online Calculator

Newcastle City Council online calculator developed from AS 4970 - 2009 Protection of trees in development sites.